Labour Issue Watch (LIW) is a non-profit independent organization which works to ensure for the rights and well-being of the labour. Anybody and everybody who works to earn a living is a labour. The Fundamental goal of Labour issue watch is to watch the labour force of the urban and rural as this population has been deviant from all the development opportunities and currently in a state of poor livelihood condition. Labour Issue Watch envisions providing livelihood promotion and social inclusion services to the poor and vulnerable with innovative solutions. Asides promoting the empowerment of urban and rural labour communities by encouraging and empowering people to take part in the development process. READ MORE

Sunday, July 3, 2016

नशा पर कार्यशाला (Alcoholism)

आज दिनांक 3 जुलाई 2016 को  लेबर इशू वाच ने LIW YOUTH के सदस्यों के साथ नशा जो की एक सामाजिक समस्या है उस कार्यशाला का आयोजन किया|



Saturday, April 30, 2016

Salute to the Labours - May Day

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR DAY
1st  May 2016
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“Working Men are the foundation of Society”

According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Everyone has the right to free choice of employment and to just and favorable conditions of work. All human beings have the right to freedom of movement and all forms of slavery should be prohibited.
                                 
Governments should respect, protect and fulfill human rights. Governments must have an obligation to refrain from subjecting individuals to forced labour and to penalize and prosecute any such acts.

Nobody should be forced to work against their will. Any form of forced labour is a grave violation of human

Rights. However, in many parts of the world men, women and children are trapped in jobs that they were force into by coercion or deception

Thursday, January 28, 2016

Exposure Visit, Saijna Gautiya, Uttar Pradesh

 
Labour Issue Watch on 09 January 2016, has conducted an exposure visit to a neighboring village named Goutia sejna which is about 16-17 km by road from Mondanpur, Bareilly and only 2-3 km if we cross a river from Mondanpur. Agricultural activity is the main livelihood of this village. Just by the very sight of the village, we noticed that there is not a single electricity pole in the village. A village of 450 voters who has not been credited with any development as the gram panchyat itself is clubbed with 3 villages. This clearly shows how this village is neglected and has never received any fruits of development even after 60 years of independence. In a country were proposal for smart city, bullet train are initiated and on the other side we can see a village where till date there is no electricity facility. And it is a fact that there are many villages in India similar to Gautia village. The Roads are kacha. Dispensary with no presence of doctors where people admitted that they receive medicine without any medication. Schools are not guideline as per the sarva shiksha abhiyan lacking all the basic amenities and facilities for a child to study in the school. People even stated that they don’t get the complete wages as per the NREGA. There are people who don’t have a ration card. Even old age and widows are deprived from the pension scheme. Due to lack of proper sanitation there is dirt all over in the village. Lack of cleanliness and dirt breeds germs of diseases. Hence, people fall an easy prey to diseases. From this exposure visit it is clear that this village is derived from all aspect of development. 

Hence the following issues can be summarized from this exposure visit.

1. Unemployment
2. Sanitation issue
3. No power facility
4. Poor medical facility
5. Issues in school
6. Housing problem
7. No old age and widow pension
8. No facility for handicapped 
9. Land issue
10. No ration card
11. No community hall
12. Kacha road
13. No assistance during drought and flood.
14. Lack of awareness and various government schemes.
Hindi Version Click Here

Tuesday, December 29, 2015

Youth Awareness Program, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh

It has been recognized that youth populations are the capital for nation building.
However youth of our rural stratum have a different story, a story with increasing difficulties engulfed with poor living standards, unemployment, deteriorating services, social unrest and political instability. A major chunk of the youth population in our country is from the rural stratum. With increasing food shortage, rural to urban migration, Inadequate housing, health care and education; and high rates of unemployment, youth of the rural is now among the most disadvantage group. Often they have limited access to educational programs that are geared to their situation and needs. Many rural youth drop out of school at an early age. School syllabuses are designed toward academic accomplishments and to the urban areas than to learning skills useful to rural life. Rural young women have even greater difficulties than young men as they are often not given the same opportunities in education, training and Involvement in rural development activities. Hence the conditions of the rural youth are now in grim and it is now to uplift them from this disturbing situation and provide them with all the empathy to sustain and grow by themselves . A joint effort to guide them for the nation building approach as the world of the future depends on the youth of today.
As an initiatives and a goal towards rural development LIW has taken the approach towards guiding the rural youth in an approach towards the basics, to motivate and a moral boost which help the youth to enhance there conscience and self decision making approach towards their responsibilities. Improving their capabilities, improving their skills and abilities, developing leadership and the ability to work well with others in group and community situations. This approach will improve their knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviour which are of vital importance in the implementation of sustainable agricultural and rural development programmes.
A two day Youth awareness program training was conducted. An objective to train the trainees who will lead and mobilize the youth for a holistic approach towards nation building. Dozens of Youth were mobilized and they attended the training. Topics covered in the training were:
1. Counseling- Rural Villages are filled with lots of misconception and lack of understanding. Counseling is an integral part of social work and youth who are trained for counseling can do wonders and bring a change in themselves and the society itself. With the conscious of the youth of the rural towards urban drift, trainees can counsel the youth towards the available potential of the village resource and bring light to their livelihood. Youth who are lured towards towns in the hope of greater opportunities for employment and better education could be changed and impart a better light for global view. An initiative towards to think locally and act globally.
2. Communication-The rural youth is left without entrepreneurial role model, low skills development opportunities, few job prospects. Many rural youth are not exposed to a variety of self-development possibilities, often lacking diversity and activities that could prepare them for careers or involvement they may not have considered. Communication problems are one of the major reasons for these youth who are left out of the population. 
3. Perception-The United Nation describes one of the more significant characteristics of young people is to live under conditions that encourage their imagination, ideals, energy and vision to flourish on the benefit of their societies (United Nation, 2007). They need to be imaginative, energetic and visionary for the benefit of their societies. As information and youth represent two of the largest in country development, it is important to understand the rural youth’s perception towards information sources and usage. They are expected to use the information for several reasons such as to complete a task, to solve a problem as well as to decide.
4. Domestic Violence-In our society, violence is bursting. It is present almost everywhere and more intense right behind the doors of our homes. Behind closed doors of homes all across our country, people are being tortured, beaten and killed. It is happening in rural areas, towns, cities and in metropolitans as well. It is crossing all social classes, genders, racial lines and age groups. It is becoming a legacy being passed on from one generation to another. Hence training the youth towards understanding domestic violence act action plans for tackling Domestic violence in their areas was a must.


Monday, September 28, 2015

It said India is among the 16 countries that have reduced open defecation rates by at least 25 percentage points. The progress termed as "moderate" by the UN report.


It said India is among the 16 countries that have reduced open defecation rates by at least 25 percentage points.
India has made “moderate” progress in reducing open defecation rates among its population and has succeeded in providing access to improved drinking water to more people in urban and rural areas, according to a UN report.
The Joint Monitoring Programme report titled “Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water: 2015 Update and MDG Assessment” released by the UN Children’s Fund and the World Health Organization said one in every three or 2.4 billion people on the planet are still without sanitation facilities, including 946 million people who defecate in the open.
It said India is among the 16 countries that have reduced open defecation rates by at least 25 percentage points. In India’s case, there has been a reduction by 31 per cent in open defecation, a progress termed as “moderate” by the report.

“The Southern Asia region, where the number of open defecators is highest, has also made significant improvements.  Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan have all achieved reductions of more than 30 percentage points since 1990,” the report said.
“The 31 per cent reduction in open defecation in India alone represents 394 million people and significantly influences regional and global estimates,” it said.
The report, however, noted that in India, there has been very little change over the last 20 years in reducing open defecation among the poor.
The report further said that India has “met its target” of increasing use of drinking water resources to its population. India was among the nine countries that succeeded in halving the proportion of the population without improved drinking water in both rural and urban areas.
The other countries are Belize, Egypt, Jordan, Mexico, Pakistan, Paraguay, Tunisia and Uganda. From 71 per cent in 1990, India now has 94 per cent of its population with access to drinking water sources, the report said.
The report, however, warned that the lack of progress on sanitation globally threatens to undermine the child survival and health benefits from gains in access to safe drinking water.
“Until everyone has access to adequate sanitation facilities, the quality of water supplies will be undermined and too many people will continue to die from water-borne and water-related diseases,” said Maria Neira, Director of the WHO Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health. Access to adequate water, sanitation and hygiene is critical in the prevention and care of 16 of the 17 ‘neglected tropical diseases’ (NTDs), including trachoma, soil-transmitted helminths (intestinal worms) and schistosomiasis.
NTDs affect more than 1.5 billion people in 149 countries, causing blindness, disfigurement, permanent disability and death.
The practice of open defecation is linked to a higher risk of stunting –- or chronic malnutrition -– which affects 161 million children worldwide, leaving them with irreversible physical and cognitive damage, according to WHO. Plans for the proposed new sustainable development goals (SDGs) to be set by the UN General Assembly in September 2015 include a target to eliminate open defecation by 2030.
This would require a doubling of current rates of reduction, especially in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, WHO and UNICEF say. Sanjay Wijesekera, head of UNICEF’s global water, sanitation and hygiene programmes, said what the data really show is the need to focus on inequalities as the only way to achieve sustainable progress.
“The global model so far has been that the wealthiest move ahead first, and only when they have access do the poorest start catching up. If we are to reach universal access to sanitation by 2030, we need to ensure the poorest start making progress right away,” Wijesekera said.
Access to improved drinking water sources has been a major achievement for countries and the international community.
With some 2.6 billion people having gained access since 1990, 91 per cent of the global population now have improved drinking water -– and the number is still growing.
Although some 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved sanitation since 1990, the world has missed the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target by nearly 700 million people.
Today, only 68 per cent of the world’s population uses an improved sanitation facility -– 9 percentage points below the MDG target of 77 per cent.
- See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/india-reduces-open-defecation-by-31-per-cent-un-report.
Source:http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/india-reduces-open-defecation-by-31-per-cent-un-report/

Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Labour trouble at IOC plant continues

MALAPPURAM: LPG consumers in the district never had it so bad! The long-pending contract labour issue at Indian Oil Corporation's LPG bottling plant at Chelari seems to be never-ending. And the consumers have to bear the brunt of it all.
For the last two years, there has been no high-level intervention for resolving the labour issues at the bottling plant at Chelari.

And the LPG distribution to almost 1 lakh consumers across Malabar is being interrupted frequently.

The indefinite strike launched by cylinder handling and housekeeping workers of the plant on Monday has created a fresh crisis and the move of cylinders from the plant has been completely stopped.
After loading and unloading workers of the plant launched a 'Go-Slow' strike on June 12, there is already a shortage of about 50 lakh cooking gas cylinders in Malabar districts.

The indefinite strike is going to spell trouble for about 1 lakh LPG customers in the region. The district collector K Biju will convene a meeting of IOC officials and labour contractor on Tuesday to discuss the issue.

But the employees' unions are not hopeful that the meeting will be able to reach at any helpful consensus.

The employees are demanding the implementation of wage hike decision taken in previous meetings called by the labour commissioners and district collector at various locations.

The convenor of coordination committee of unions Prince Kumar said that the contractor should be ready to give monthly salary of at least Rs 18,000 for each employee in addition to the risk allowance and other perks.

"We are not hopeful regarding the discussion on Tuesday as the contractor is yet to keep his promise regarding wage hike made in a similar meeting presided by the collector three months ago. We are demanding the intervention of chief minister on this issue," he said.

When labour strike affected the LPG distribution in Kasaragod, Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad districts, three months ago the IOC brought LPG to Malabar, from its Coimbatore, Mangalore and Kochi plants to resolve the issue of acute shortage of LPG here.

Normally 50 loads of LPG cylinders are being dispatched from the plant to different local-level LPG dealers on daily basis.

But, on Monday the refilling was completely stopped at the plant and the distribution from local dealers was also blocked. A local level dealer of cooking gas needs 400 to 1,500 LPG cylinders daily for distribution in their areas. The proprietor of Grace Gas Agency in Edavannapara, Malappuram district, P Bhaskaran said the strike will affect the distribution of LPG in the coming days and it will lead to strong protest by customers.
Source:http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kozhikode/Labour-trouble-at-IOC-plant-continues/articleshow/37103598.cms

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

More than 500 Indian workers have died in Qatar since 2012, figures show

As Qatar construction boom gathers pace ahead of 2022 World Cup, Indian government confirms scale of death toll


More than 500 Indian migrant workers have died in Qatar since January 2012, revealing for the first time the shocking scale of death toll among those building the infrastructure for the 2022 World Cup.
Official figures confirmed by the Indian embassy in Doha reveal that 237 Indians working in Qatar died in 2012 and 241 in 2013. A further 24 Indians have died in January 2014.

These come after the Guardian revealed last month that 185 Nepalese workers had died in Qatar in 2013, taking the total from that country to at least 382 over two years.

Human rights groups and politicians said the figures meant Fifa could not "look the other way", and should be leading demands for Qatar to improve conditions for the estimated 1.2 million migrant workers fuelling a huge construction boom.

The figures from the Indian embassy show that 233 Indian migrants died in 2010 and 239 in 2011, taking the total over four years to 974. Since the World Cup was awarded to Qatar in December 2010, there have been 717 recorded Indian deaths.

However, the Indian embassy did not provide further details on who those individuals were, their cause of death or where they worked. But analysis of the lists of dead Nepalese workers showed that more than two-thirds died of sudden heart failure or workplace accidents.

Qatar's ministry of labour and social affairs told the Guardian: "With specific regard to these new figures, we were aware that local media had previously reported some of these headline numbers, and we are clarifying them. Clearly any one death in Qatar or anywhere else is one death too many – for the workers, for their families, but also for Qataris who welcome guest workers to our country to perform valuable jobs. We are working to understand the causes of these deaths – as these statistics could include a range of circumstances including natural causes, and road safety incidents, as well as a smaller number of workplace incidents."

Nicholas McGeehan, a Gulf researcher for Human Rights Watch, said: "These figures for Indian deaths are a horrendous confirmation that it isn't just Nepalese workers who are dying in Qatar."

Jim Murphy, the shadow international development secretary, said: "Preparations for the 2022 World Cup cannot go on like this – the trickle of worrying reports from the construction sites of Qatar has become a torrent.

"Some of the practices we know are taking place in Qatar amount to forced labour, and there are widespread concerns that the death toll could reach well into the thousands if nothing is done."

Last week, a hearing at the European parliament heard from human rights groups, Fifa and other interested parties after a resolution was passed last year calling for action on the issue as construction of 2022 World Cup venues begins in earnest.

Despite the Qatar 2022 organising committee implementing a new charter relating to construction on its stadiums and the ministry of labour highlighting an expanded inspection programme, human rights groups and trade unions have repeated their call for structural change in the face of hundreds of deaths.

In November, Amnesty warned in a damning report that workers were enduring 12-hour days in sweltering conditions and living in squalid, overcrowded accommodation.

The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) has warned that up to 4,000 workers may die before a ball is kicked in 2022 without meaningful reform of the kafala system, which ties workers to their employers, and stringent control of the myriad construction companies and subcontractors involved.

The ITUC, which has campaigned consistently for better rights for migrant workers across the Gulf, has called the publication of the charter a sham because it does not deal with structural problems created by the kafala system..

Many workers arrive in Qatar already heavily in debt, having paid huge sums to middle men to secure contracts in the fast growing Gulf state.

A senior executive at one of Qatar's largest banks told a conference in Bahrain last month that the Gulf state would spend £123bn on infrastructure projects in the next four years alone. The hosting of the World Cup is an integral part of Qatar's unprecedented 2030 National Vision building project.

There are an estimated 1.2 million migrant workers in Qatar. Those fromIndia make up 22% of the total, with a similar proportion from Pakistan. Around 16% are from Nepal, 13% from Iran, 11% from the Philippines, 8% from Egypt and 8% from Sri Lanka.

The Qatar World Cup organisers believe that by holding their own contractors to higher standards they can create momentum for change and that improved rights for workers could be one legacy benefit of hosting the tournament.

The ministry of foreign affairs has also emphasised that it is stepping up efforts to hold contractors to existing labour laws, sanctioning 2,000 companies in 2013 and a further 500 in January 2014 alone.

The statement from the Qatari ministry of labour and social affairs added: "Where any liability is found to rest with employers, the ministry …and Qatari law authorities will pursue these cases through the relevant legal channels. We have increased the number of trained labour inspectors by 25%, and continue to hire new inspectors, with over 11,500 random spot-checks of workplaces carried out in the past three months.

This, in order to enforce our existing labour laws, with the aim of the prevention of any further workplace incidents."

Law firm DLA Piper has been engaged to prepare a report on all issues surrounding Qatar's use of migrant labour, which is expected to be published next month.

But human rights groups have maintained that Qatar must prove it is serious about reforming its labour laws. Amnesty's James Lynch, who wrote last year's report, called on the Qatari and Indian authorities to provide more detail on the circumstances of the deaths.

"This issue is not restricted to one country of origin," said Lynch. "It is critical that the Qatari government works urgently with the governments of migrant workers' countries of origin to investigate the main causes of migrant workers' deaths and develops a transparent plan to address these, particularly where deaths relate to industrial accidents, work conditions and access to healthcare."

Fifa has asked Qatar to provide evidence of meaningful progress in reforming labour law but the president of world football's governing body, Sepp Blatter, has said its status as hosts is not under threat.


Murphy, who will travel to Nepal and Qatar in the coming weeks, said: "Fifa cannot simply look the other way. Football's governing body should be leading demands for change, not dragging its feet."
Source:http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/18/qatar-world-cup-india-migrant-worker-deaths

Informal labour: Domestic workers to get training, rights education

File photo of child laborers. PHOTO:FILE
LAHORE: 
The Women Development Department in collaboration with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the All Pakistan Women’s Association (APWA) on February 19 launched Decent Work for Domestic Workers (DW4DW), a skill development initiative to train 1,000 women at the APWA’s premises in Lahore.
Current situation
APWA Chairperson Ruhi Sayyid said, “There is a lack of reliable data…There are approximately 8.5 million domestic workers in Pakistan, most of them women…they also include a large number of boys and girls.”
She said domestic workers were a significant portion of the informal economy. These workers remain unregulated, are not covered by labour laws…are also vulnerable to all kinds of exploitation, she said.
DW4DW
Programme Manager Durre Shahwar told The Express Tribune that the programme aimed to provide high quality training to women in communication, health, safety and security in domestic work environment, personal health and safety, planning, organising and managing their work.
The APWA’s premises will be modified into a training facility and four staff members will be trained as co-facilitators to conduct similar training sessions in the future. She said upon completing training, the participants will be registered with placement service providers.
Shahwar said the women will also be taught basic principles of hygiene and how to clean and maintain bedrooms. She said the programme aimed at training women as certified domestic workers with enhanced capacities to manage household tasks.
She said they also aimed to establish a data bank of trainees and link them to placement service providers, initiate a legislative framework for domestic workers and advocate for the ratification of the ILO convention on domestic workers. “We hope to engage women parliamentarians in this programme,” said Shahwar.
She said at least 90 per cent of the trainees will be able to get jobs that will raise their income levels by 30 to 50 per cent.
She said the women would also be trained in occupational health and safety, personal hygiene and grooming, time management, protection against various types of harassment and communication and negotiation skills, and made aware of their rights and responsibilities.
The APWA will also advocate minimum wage legislation for domestic workers and mandatory written contracts between employees and employers specifying responsibilities, work hours, time of wage payment, benefits and notice periods, she said.
Legislation
Advocate Shamsa Ali, head of legal aid at the APWA, said in 2011 the ILO had adopted the Domestic Workers’ Convention 189. She said the C-189 called for specific protection to domestic workers. The standards specified under it had helped create a momentum for the recognition of domestic workers as employees with salient rights, just like any other worker.
Salient features of the convention include the promotion and protection of human rights for all domestic workers, respect for fundamental principles and rights at work, freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining, protection against all forms of abuse, harassment and violence, fair terms of employment and decent living conditions, reasonable working hours, weekly rest of at least 24 consecutive hours, a limit on in-kind payment and clear information on the terms and conditions of employment.
Ali said if Pakistan ratified the C-189, the status of domestic workers could be enhanced. It would also reflect well on the government showing its commitment to human and workers’ rights and women’s empowerment.
She said several countries had started changing policies and laws on domestic workers. In Pakistan, a bill has been drafted and recently submitted to the Senate. Ali said the bill carried elaborate provisions on age, contract signing, minimum wage, social security and formation of associations or trade unions. “This is a welcome step, but if we really want to make a difference, we need a profound change in attitude towards the profession,” she said.
Source:http://tribune.com.pk/story/675719/informal-labour-domestic-workers-to-get-training-rights-education/